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Vapeing & E-Juice

What is Vaping?

This has become very popular as a different way to get your nicotine fix, a popular replacement. Often the devices used can differ from an E-Cigarette, Pens, Vape Pen/Tubes, Box Mods & Tanks and Mini Vapes. You would then fill this with your choice of E-Juice which is normally a mix of Vegetable Glycerin, Propylene Glycol glycol some sort of flavouring and of course Nicotine. (Plant extracts can also be vaporised nudge nudge wink wink via Herbal Vaporizers.) There are various reasons people may choose to vape from better health benefits compared to smoking, better taste and smell, more variety of e-juice flavours and the types of devices. It gives you the opportunity to become and Artisan vaper creating your own vaping experience.

The most prominent e-cig vaping device was patented in 2003 by a Chinese scientist Hon Lik, which then rapidly caught on as it became available on the American and European markets around 2006/2007.

How does it work?

You do not need to be an electrical engineer to understand the e-cig, Understanding Ohms law may help but it is not required to get you started. The principle applied to almost all if not all the devices available on the market is the same. As time progresses you may look into customising and building your own pieces, becoming an artisan so to speak but to get you started it goes a little like the following: An e-cig or similar device has a battery (lithium-ion) connected to either a clearomizer, cartomizer or atomizer via a threaded connection and usually a manual power button, when activated the power (Watts) produced by the battery is converted to heat usually via a coil which is wrapped in an absorbent material (Wick) which soaks up the e-juice liquid, the heat atomizes the fluid to a vapour that is inhaled by the user.

atomizer parts identified

Vapour definition by the oxford dictionary “A substance diffused or suspended in the air, especially one normally liquid or solid.”Atomize definition by the oxford dictionary Convert (a substance) into very fine particles or droplets. Source:

Clearomizer & Cartomizer & Atomizer

These three ideas work on the same principle and there objective is to heat the e-juice to a temperature at which it atomizes therefore allowing the fluid to be inhaled. The way they are constructed is the difference between them.

clearomizer cartomizer atomizer

Sub OHM vaping this is when you use and atomiser that has a resistance of less than 1ohm, which in turn allows more power to pass through he coil in return for Huge vape clouds.

Tank or Drip? A tank based set up requires you to fill the tank vape and refill when the tank is empty to allow your cotton to keep moist and not burn out leaving you with a horrible taste in your mouth. Dripping means you do not have a tank as suck but keep the cotton moist by dripping a small amount of fluid when you are using the vape again not allowing the cotton to get dry and burning up.

RDA = Rebuildable dripping atomizer & RTA = Rebuildable Tank Atomizer, for the more experienced vaper, looking to add a little more creation to their vape experience.

E-Juice Liquid

One of the most important things is probably getting your liquid right, after all its this that gives you the great taste, there are so many out there it is difficult to choose. The best way I found was to head to my local vape shop and give them a try.

Depending on the fluid normally choose it will contain 4 main ingredients which are food grade flavouring, water, vegetable glycerine and propylene glycol which are used in e-juices to help with the throat hit similar to smoking cigarettes and allow you to produce large vape clouds.

Vegetable Glycerin (VG) and Propylene Glycol PG

Both VG and PG are considered safe by the FDA and are used in various food products.

Propylene glycol (PG) is of a thinner constancy and can be absorbed by the cotton or wick material more easily than VG this also means it does not gunk up the atomizer as quickly as VG. It is a colourless and odourless material and has no effect on the flavour of the fluid. PG is also the one to give you a stronger throat hit compared to VG. There are reported cases of allergic reactions to PG that’s why some people will switch to VG.

Vegetable Glycerin (VG) if you are interested in producing large vape clouds then you will want to include VG in your mix due to the thicker constancy compared to PG. The VG has a lesser throat hit compared to the VG an adds a sweeter flavour to your e-juice.

Common percentages would be 80%VG and 20%PG or 70%VG and 30%PG.

Vape Warning: People can suffer allergic reactions with the chemicals used to create the e-juice. The nickel or titanium used in some coils may also cause harm. You should seek professional medical advice before trying or if any concerns arise from vaping or e-juices.

If you would like further information around VG and Pg you can read this study buy Igor Burstyn.

Adding Nic shots

A nic shot or nic booster is a small 10ml bottle of pure nicotine normally at 18mg strength. Adding a nic shot to your vape fluid can be a little pain in the bottom for the first time, as if like me you want to know how much is the right amount which to me was the equivalent of smoking 20 real cigarettes a day.

Doing some research and looking at some statistics online and as there are many manufactures all having a nicotine content from 3mg to 20mg I came to the conclusion an average cigarette holds about 12mg of Nicotine when unlit. So there is a link between the very common mg of nicotine amounts on offer and advertised but the body will hold only retain about 1mg when being smoked.

I looked up the cigarettes I use to smoke and wanted to keep my vape levels at 3mg for my vape flavour as when you buy large bottles of vape fluid over 10ml they come without nicotine. The maximum nicotine bottle can only be 10ml and the maximum strength can only be 20mg according to EU legislation. Short fall bottles could be a 50ml bottle adding 1x10ml 18mg bottle to make 60ml of vape fluid at 3mg strength.

shortfill bottle examples

You may see the nicotine level displayed as 0.3%, 0.6%, 1.2% or 1.8% this tells you that the nicotine level as a percentage of the whole mix. 1Mg = Milligrams of nicotine for every millilitre ml. 

The more nicotine you add to your flavour mix the less taste you will have when you get a hit, therefore if you’re a flavour chaser keep the nicotine levels down. Some fluids mix better than others I would recommend giving your fluid a rigorous shake when the nic shot is added and allow the fluid to steeping in a cool dark place for a few hours.

Mixing Nic Shots Safety Warning: Toxic if swallowed, Very toxic in contact with the skin, after contact with skin/eyes, wash immediately with plenty of water. Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. Do not use if you are pregnant and/or breast feeding. Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long term adverse effects in an aquatic environment. In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately KEEP LOCKED UP AND KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. This material and any container it is kept in must be disposed of in a safe way.

How you could get started – I have reviewed a good starter kit which is very easy to use and will not break the bank and comes with all you need. read my review of the SMOK Vape Pen 22


The sale of Nicotine products in prohibited to anyone under the age of 18, this is something I completely agree with having children of my own and being silly enough to start smoking tobacco when the legal age was 16 in the UK. As time has passed in the EU, legislation and regulation is coming into effect which limits the size of tanks to 2ml and the size of the E-Juice bottles containing nicotine to 10ml

Is vaping Safe?

I would personally say putting anything other than fresh air into your lungs is not good for your body but I used vaping to help me stay away from tobacco cigarettes and hands down I feel better you could also say everything in moderation and the bad health effects I had from smoking I personally feel are no way the same, also my nicotine cravings are more than satisfied . As usual there are many reports that can ague any case but in one BBC report on the 21st September 2017, Dr Andrew Fraser, director of public health science at NHS Health Scotland, told BBC Scotland: “E-cigarettes have been around for a number of years now and we are learning more and more about them but I think it is safe to say that they are a lot safer than cigarettes.


Other research for Public Health England (PHE) concluded that e-cigarettes were 95% less harmful than normal cigarettes.


US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine report on e-cigarettes. Their conclusion on e-cigarette safety also finds that based on the available evidence “Although e-cigarettes are not without risk, compared to combustible tobacco cigarettes they contain fewer toxicants”

A quote and note taken from cancer research Uk page “Research so far shows that e-cigarettes are far less harmful than smoking. This is because e-cigarettes don’t contain cancer causing tobacco. They do contain nicotine, which is addictive, but isn’t what causes the damage from smoking.”

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“Note: No evidence has shown that e-cigarettes cause the disease known as popcorn lung. The chemical thought to be responsible for this disease has been banned from use in e-liquids in Europe.”


Reading this article about popcorn lung was very informative and fully informed me about diacetyl which was included in some e-juices this is real cause of popcorn lung and any e-juice which contain this should be avoided. Source:

So can I vape in the pub or public places?

Vaping does not come under the smoking ban the Health Act 2006, but pubs, clubs, restaurants or any other venue are allowed to place their own ban.

After having a look at some online content it very much seems to be governed / dictated by the rules set out by the pub/establishment. Out of common curtesy I would always ask for permission to Vape and more than often than not you will be given permission. If you choose to ignore the pub/establishments rules when they have banned vaping they have every right to ask you to leave on the grounds of breaking the rules, if you do not you will be trespassing.

The reason mostly given to Ban vaping in the pub is so the confusion of smoke from real cigarettes and vape clouds from e-cigs is not confused or causes discomfort to the none smoker, something you might say is unfair.

Long and short of it is “ask first vape later”!

Do not forget a lovely tasting coffee can complement your vaping experience and help get your day started.