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DJI & FLIR Thermography

What is thermographic imaging?

Using a sensor developed to measure infra-red light from an object to indicate changes in temperature. Red, Green and Blue are the three primary colors detected in commonly used RBG camera sensors.

Colour, frequency & wavelength.

  • Red, 400–484 THz, 620–750 nm
  • Blue, 606–668 THz, 450–495 nm
  • Green, 526–606 THz, 495–570 nm

Infra means below or under so infra-red (IR) is before red in the colour spectrum, infrared spectrum is from: Frequency 430 THz – 300 GHz & Wavelength 700 nm to 1 millimeter

This also means at the lower end of the scale it does not fall on the spectrum of visible light which is: Frequency about 430–770 THz & Wavelengths from about 390 to 700 nm. The infra-red spectrum can be further broken up to Near, Mid and Far. Near being the closest to the visible light and far the other end of the scale.

Because thermal imaging sensors can detect heat (electromagnetic radiation EMR is absorbed by and object, the EMR energy is lost by means of heating up that said object) from an object with or without illumination special sensors are developed and used in various applications. The most commonly known is night vision, but in the drone industry its applications are growing:

dji & flir drones & thermal imaging
Dji drone fitted with a ZenmuseXT2


What benefits from thermal imaging?

  • Firefighting
  • Building inspections &Structure inspections
  • Roof inspections & Flat roof inspections (water damage or thermal inefficiencies)
  • Pipeline inspections
  • Photovoltaic Solar energy farms



What is a Thermographer?

A thermographer is someone who is trained to interpret the data captured by thermal imaging cameras. These cameras can provide valuable data other than just pictures but having the correctly trained person to quantify the results is often a must. A Thermographer tends to be trained in the different subjects like infrared physics, heat science, infrared measurement equipment and its applications.

Who supplies the cameras?

FLIR a leading thermal imaging camera manufacturer saw the potential of adding a thermal imaging camera to their product line and marketing at the drone industry right at the beginning with the FLIR Vue, this was a very popular size and shape as often GoPro action cameras were used on the first drones. They then partnered with DJI a leading drone manufacturer and released the DJI Zenmuse XT, this was their first camera with direct fitment and compatibility with the DJI Inspire 1 drone. Now after further development they can offer a variety of sensors include dual models:

  • DJI Zenmuse XT with Thermal by FLIR
  • DJI Zenmuse XT2 with Thermal
  • FLIR Duo
  • FLIR Duo Pro R
  • FLIR Duo R
  • FLIR Vue Pro
  • FLIR Vue Pro R


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Futurephoto & MDB Marine

Futurephoto MDB Marine hi-vis vest drone safety

Futurephoto & MDB-Marine – Futurephoto LTD can work very closely with MDB marine who are a Micro/Mini ROV Service Company combining the two can result in the complete solution providing coverage of Air, land and Sea.

What is an ROV? An ROV is a Remotely Operated Vehicle, an unmanned under water vehicle for which many task can be completed without the need for a diver or dive team, therefore reducing costs and mitigating risk to personnel. The ROV is more often than not connected to the surface/vessel via an umbilical which will terminate at the main control station or Power cabin.

Most vessels involved in any Subsea work or intervention will have two work class ROV’s located on the port and starboard of the vessel. The equipment required for operations includes: A-Frame to lift on/off the vessel, a TMS Tether Management System , PDU power distribution unit and a Control Cabin not to mention the workshop and maintenance equipment. The work class systems are big bulky and used for heavy-duty operations, the mobilisations can take days and vessel required is large.

Why Use a Micro/Mini ROV?

The Micro ROV is a small compact system consisting of a suit case style control station with built-in power and communications, light and hand manageable tether system and an ROV which can be launched from any small vessel by hand. These systems can be mobilised and deployed within a matter of hours depending on travel etc. The Micro ROV’s have many applications throughout various industries some of which include:

  • Offshore Oil & Gas- With the increasing desire to ensure the safety of our people and environment, routine inspections of the infrastructure used in the drilling, transportation and storage of petrochemicals is crucial in today’s operations. Even when ocean conditions demand a large ROV for inspections, often Micro/Mini ROVs are used to monitor issues and condition of the larger ROVs without the hassle of bringing them to the deck by crane.
  • As found surveys. When you arrive on location for any reason a Micro/Mini ROV can be launched quickly and safely to survey and help determine the forward plan.
  • Underwater blasting – Fitted with blasting equipment supplied from surface the Micro/Mini ROV can stay underwater for hours or days without a break.
  • Temporary metallic surface repairs.
  • Fish farm inspections – look for breaches in cages and nets used in fish farming techniques.
  • Salvage operations
  • Port security inspections – Micro/Mini ROVs have been used to look for contraband on the side of ships entering foreign ports.
  • Environmental studies / Aquaculture infrastructure Inspection & survey – Soil sampling, water sampling, population monitoring, water quality assessment, invasive species monitoring… the list of tasks is almost endless and all of which the ROV can be adapted and modified to undertake these easily and affordably.
  • Water Tank Inspection, (Internal & External) – The mini/micro ROVs can be placed inside a tank and the pilot can perform a complete inspection, with anomalies being investigated more closely.
  • Hull Inspection – As ships travel through open water, ports, channels, and obstacles – scrapes, bangs, and collisions happen.Micro/Mini ROV’s makes it easy to investigate any suspected damage, or perform preventative monitoring.
  • Search and Rescue – When an accidents or incidents happen, Micro/Mini ROVs can help first responders locate and retrieve people and objects from the water.
  • Internal Pipe Inspection – Containment is critical to any operation, and breaches in culverts, drainage pipes, or any flow management systems within any industry can lead to undesired outcomes. Systematic inspection of water management pipelines to find potential issues and repair them before they become major problems.
  • Treasure Hunting and Underwater Archaeology – Ships, Airplanes, Snowmobiles, Autos and more seem to find their way into lakes, rivers and oceans. In complex or deep environments, the Micro/Mini ROVs are used to survey the situation below, and establish a strong plan of action before splashing a diver and expensive equipment. After all who doesn’t love a treasure Hunt!
  • Mine countermeasures – Micro/Mini ROV’s can be used for detection, classification, identification, and prosecution of mines and other explosive devices allowing for a greater level of undersea coverage while minimizing human risk.

Why Use MDB Marine?

MDB Marine is a company consisting of like-minded professionals who thrive on any challenge presented and are constantly seeking to find new, exciting and innovative solutions. With the use of micro ROV’s and their adaptability they have the ability to perform any inspection regime required, especially those in difficult locations. MDB Marine combine various years of experience developed in the harsh offshore environment which means all Inspections, video footage and high-definition stills are a professional result. Visit MDB-Marine for more information!

MDB Marine can supply various Micro/Mini ROV’s these include: Videoray Pro 4, Outland 1000, SAAB Seaeye Falcon and Falcon DR.

MDB Marine - Video ray pro 4 MDB Marine - Outland 1000MDB Marine - SAAB Seaeye FalconMDB Marine - SAAB Seaeye Falcon DR


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Drone safety tips for your business

Futurephoto MDB Marine hi-vis vest drone safety

Futurephoto hi-vis vest drone safety

Safety is one of the most important things not only to stop people from getting hurt but to manage a good reputation. A compromise in safety can lead to injury, damage and loss of reputation which a small drone business or any business for that matter cannot afford. Many industry’s adopt a safety culture where there minimum standards can be developed. As a minimum the drone industry the drone code should be followed. As the industry has grown it is obvious people take silly risks to get that one video or picture, these risks put other people’s life’s in danger especially when flown near passenger aircraft. This can be done intentionally or when he rules to in place to follow and respect rules are unknown. When a consumer purchases a drone for the first they can be nervous and hesitant with their drone to protect and not damage it, but as like with everyday life when you become confident you start to push the boundaries, in the drones case flying to its maximum distance and height using only your tablet or phone to view, this can cause problems as now you no longer have VLOS or visual line of sight and unaware of your surroundings only to find an electricity wire will bring a quick end to your drone. Wind can be another fact when pushing the limits you may find the wind speed further away or between buildings soon take hold or your drone and suddenly you have a fly away where the drone may end up.

Below are some Drone Safety Tips:

  • Carry out a pre-site survey/ risk assessment
  • Check your airspace
  • Check for NOTAMs on the day of mission/flight
  • Make sure everything is updated and fully charged (Tablet/computer/Controller)
  • Make sure you have the correct insurance
  • Barrier off your take-off and landing zone
  • Use a fully charged battery before every flight, Check your home point is updated and calibrate your drone at each location
  • Display your signs, having a second person to explain the task and watch the barriered area can be advantageous.
  • Maintain the correct distance from people and structures
  • Always maintain Visual line of sight, watching the display can distract you from and obvious collision.

Disclaimer: These are some personal Drone Safety Tips i can offer but as always it is up to you to make sure you are

following the correct practices and laws.

When training for your  permission for commercial operations you will be shown the correct way to plan and risk asses your jobs and evaluate all the information to make the educated decision if the job is safe to carry out. The minimum equipment you require will be documented within your operations manual.

  • Hi-Vis Vests
  • Hard Hat
  • Safety Glasses
  • Cut resistant gloves
  • LiPo Bags
  • Take-Off mat
  • Fire Blanket/Fire Extinguisher for electronic equipment
  • Barrier tape
  • Signs
  • Cones Pop up one’s are a popular choice
  • First Aid Kit

Other Safety Equipment has been designed to enhance the safety culture for the drone industry, this may also assist when applying for exemptions as certain requirements from clients maybe risk assessed as too dangerous without taking the extra precautions. Examples of this equipment could be:

  • Drone Parachute – One of the first ideas you may come up with would be a parachute and there is a few providers out there, Mars Parachute’s probably being one of the most popular. You could also try ParaZero and their SafeAir system. Both of these companies offer a solution for most if not all types of drones on the market.
  • Drone Safety Tether- This allows your drone to be tethered to a ground control unit which can provide power to the drone and allows the drone to hold its position in very strong winds. Drone aviation corp provide specifically designed tether drones and also have a tether system called Fuse


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Drone business equipment guide

Commercial Drone business equipment guide

When starting out you will need to choose the right equipment for the task. You might have already decided what market you would like to venture into but if you have not then do not worry I have tried to cover a few things you will need to think about and consider before you get you started. Firstly I would recommend looking at the different drones available.

What drone should I purchase?

This is a very good question and can depend on what you want to do. If you are starting out and have never flown a drone before you can start out with a little one maybe even one that can be flown inside if you are in a built up area and do not have access to somewhere safe to fly. Use the smaller one to build up some confidence and when you are finished you can let the kids have some fun. They tend not to be too expensive and a good way to start out.

When you are happy and want to spend some more money on an upgrade you have a few options. I began using a Parrot BeBop which to get started and learn the controls for flying etc. What I found let it down was the camera and no matter what you plan on doing the camera is what makes the difference. As I progressed it became very clear it is one of the most important parts. The Parrot controller was large and bulky but the drone it’s self was nice and compact. The drone flew well but as I progressed I found the camera really needed to be upgraded. It really required one mounted on a gimble, this option gives you a lot more visibility and control when taking pictures or filming. A fixed camera with a wide-angle lens is fine to start but as your photography skills get better you will want more control over the lens and what you can do with it having manual control over the camera and the option to capture your images in RAW format will also give you greater results with more post processing options.

Now if you are a videographer or photographer you will know what you should look for, but if like me you were starting out from nowhere I recommend learning about camera’s I used the Shawacademy who helped me get a better understanding of both photography and videography. As i have progressed through the Shawacademy I have been keeping notes and continuing to update my blog as i go. If you would like to learn more about photography you can follow along with me as I go here.

If you are toying with the idea of crop surveys then you will need to learn about NDVI and various cameras that may be required. Remember just because you can fly a drone and produce nice NDVI images it doesn’t make you an expert without some other qualifications it is very important the farmers you are dealing with know that as the people who help farmers grow their crops have done some years of education. What it does do is provide the client/farmer with an excellent overview of his field and aerial view he has probably never seen before. With the help of apps you can get into 2d and 3D mapping between the parrot and bebop I found the better the camera the better the results. I can also say through my experience of parrot and DJI I prefer DJI. The Phantom Series by DJI has to be one of the most popular, it is very easy to fly and the Phantom 4 Pro has a very good sensor with the ability of aperture control.

Before I go any further I will say there are lots of drone manufacturers, some producing multirotor and some a fixed wing. These are all targeted at different markets three categories the drones would fit into: Consumer (toys), Prosumer, Professional and Racing (commercial operators – could be broken into two of these classifications Consumer and Prosumer).

Some of the Manufacturers and drone models would be:


Manufacturers Models
DJI Spark, Mavic, Phantom, Inspire, Matrice, Spreadwings S900, S1000, Agras MG-1
Parrot BeBop, BeBop 2, Mambo, Disco, Airborne, AR Drone 2.0
Yuneec Typhoon H, Typhoon 4K, Breeze 4K, H520, H920 Plus
Intel Falcon 8
Autel Robotics EVO, X-Star Premium, Kestrel
3D Robotics Solo
Hubsan Spy-Hawk, X4-H501, X4-H502, X4-H507, Nano, Spyder, Hornet,
Mi MiDrone
GoPro They failed and have discontinued the Karma
JJRC X1G, T1, P130, X3, H54, H53, H45, H66, H345, H51, H41, H37, H43
Blade Inductrix, Nano, Vortex, Mach, Torrent, Theory
Walkera AiBao, PERI, Voyager 5, Vitus Starlight, Furious 215, Rodeo 110, Runner 250, X800
Syma Toys X4, X11, X12, X13, X54, X5, X8, X20, X21, X22, X23
Force 1 U28W, X5C, U818, U45, F100, U34W, U49C, F200, F111
  Ehang Ghost Drone 2.0, Ehang 184, Ehang Falcon
 Nikko Air Race Vision 220, Air Elite 115
Martin Instrument Microdrone MD4-1000 DG

The various models these drone manufacturer’s supply can range hugely in price from 10 to 1000’s of £ or $. So when you are ready to take the plunge on the drone you would like make sure you are happy it will perform what you need. One thing I will mention when applying for your PFCO permission for commercial operations with the CAA you will have to include all details about the drone including safety features etc. So whenever you decide to make a purchase make sure you can get all the required information. When you carry out your commercial drone training there are specific weight categories regarding payload so be mindful of these. In the UK the MOTW (Maximum Take off Weight) categories determined by the CAA are: 0-7Kg, 7-20Kg, 20-150Kg, + 150Kg

Drone Accessories

I have created a drone accessories list, these things I have found to make my life a lot easier:

  • Extra batteries
  • Extra propellers
  • SD cards
  • Rucksack to put it all in
  • Car charging inverter + Charging station
  • LiPo Bags
  • Tablet
  • Cables
  • Laptop or Desktop Computer
  • External Hard drive
  • Batteries – are another very important part of equipment and I would recommend having about 4. The reason I say 4 is when on location I find I perform a test flight first have a look around and get a feel for the area especially if I’m using any app where the flight was pre planned off location. I will then carry out the flight I wanted to do and if I have 2 spare, I should be more than able to repeat the whole process or even head to the next location.  Also the last thing you want to do is find out you have no batteries and have to wait the 30mins for them to charge as you might look and feel a bit stupid when a client has paid you to be there. A station that can charge all your batteries at once with an inverter for your car so you can charge while out and about. Is very handy but maybe something you may not need until you have more than one booking a day or if you are doing weddings when you have to be there a lot.
  • Extra Propellers – Props can be damaged in a few seconds, all it takes is for the drone to land on an uneven surface tip over and contact something hard. If you have a full set of replacement props then you are back up and flying in a matter of minutes if nothing else is damaged.
  • SD cards – Which also reminds me you are going to want to have a few SD cards again I would recommend 4. Change each one out when you change a battery. This way if one does go corrupt for any reason you will still have some pictures or video and may just be able to save the day. Best of all it might save you from having to perform a re-flight.
  • Drone Storage – I would also recommend combining your drone with a rucksack another very important part of equipment. It keeps your drone safe and also allows you to carry a lot more equipment that will be required if working at various locations or even remote locations.
  • Changing – Having the option to charge your batteries when you are out on location can be very helpful, if you have forgotten to charge that extra battery or one of the planned flights did not go as expected you can plug-in and charge it might save you a long trip to find that power point.
  • Battery Protection – Another very important part would be a LiPo bag for each battery as lithium batteries can be very dangerous and if stored in the correct bag this can save a lot of heart ache if things go wrong.
  • Tablet or phone – So to help you fly your drone you will need a device to let you see in real-time what the camera sees. But remember never fly your drone out of LOS or Visual Line of Sight. I have used both an iPad mini and an iPhone 7 both work fine for me and are easy to carry around. The phone can present hazards if someone calls or messages when flying so I tend to use the iPad.
  • Cables – As required to connect to tablet or computer
  • Laptop or Desktop – Once you have been out and captured all your pictures or video you will want something to view it all on to edit. Now this is where perhaps I went wrong I went for a Lenovo laptop with an I7 processor and a good bit of RAM to help me edit my video and pictures. As I have learned you want a screen that can show you correctly how these pictures or video looks. My laptop looks good but completely different to that of my IMac when I get home. I colour calibrated both screens using the inbuilt free calibration tools for both windows and Mac OS but the mac wins every time when it comes to the final image. You can of course use hardware calibration tools if you really want to get serious. They do not rely on your vision or perception of colour and perform the task faster than the free tools. Back to the laptop or desktop if you prefer that, almost all drones can film in 4K or UltraHD which is great if you are able to watch them but to process is a whole other story. The memory or processor gets beaten up by this it takes a lot and if your end-user doesn’t have a 4K television to view this on then you are better to cut the size. As with pictures and video it is better to take images in the highest resolution possible (RAW).
  • External Storage – Backing up all your hard work is very important, you can use Cloud type drives to do this no problem I always like to have a couple of external hard drives backing up my work as you never know when you might not have access to the internet and need to work.

Required Commercial Drone Accessories When you have completed your training and have gained your PFCO, there will be extra equipment which as stated on your permissions will be a requirement to carry:

  • Windspeed Meter (With temperature sensor)
  • Fire Extigusher,
  • First Aid Kit,
  • PPE, (Safety glasses, boots, hi-vis vest),
  • Signs, cones and barriers
  • LiPo Bags
  • Torches (Night Permissions)
  • Head torch(Night Permissions)
  • If you have achieved your night permissions, you will also need torches to light up take off/landing area and lights to be placed on cones marking the area. A head torch never goes a miss either.
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Flock Cover

flockcover Insurance

FlockCover Drone insurance
Owners: CEO – Ed Leon Klinger, Founder – Antton Pena

Price: Starting from £5 Pay As You Fly 

Don’t forget you can use the FUTUREPHOTOL referral code.


Flock was the plan of Antton pena while studying for his master degree in Technology science at London’s data science institute. Ed the CEO graduated from Cambridge after completing a master’s degree in technology policy and joined Flock as CEO as he had focused his interests to the drone industry and reducing flight risks.

Flocks Policy – “Flock strives to bridge the gap between today’s insurance and tomorrow’s technology.”

Flock partnered with Allianz one of the worlds largest insurance companies who has a huge experience in the aviation industry. Allianz are the underwriter so you can be assured they can provide EC785/2004 compliant pay-as-you-fly insurance cover for your drone and business. This is all done from your phone or tablet in minutes and is available on both IOS and Android.


The insurance policy is targeted at both recreational and commercial drone pilots. I personally feel the app will greatly benefit all drone service providers, because when you provide a site survey of the clients location you can open the app fill in a few details and receive a quote instantly displayed on your phone or tablet instantly knowing if the flight is possible and what the cost of your insurance will be.


The app is very easy to use as flock state Tap, Tap, Take Off, it will combine real-time data like weather conditions, nearby schools, airports, NOTAMS all valuable information which can help confirm the flight is possible.

Once you have set-up and  registered your account, you open the app follow the 5 steps:

  • Step 1=Cover duration 1, 2, 4 or 8 hours,
  • Step 2=Public Liability insurance Limit (1M,2M, 5M or 10Million)
  • Step 3 = Confirm your policy by accepting you have read their terms and conditions,
  • Step 4 Fill in policy holder Name,
  • Step 5 = Enter your payment details.

I had this all done within 5 Minutes.



Another great idea and initial cost saving for any commercial drone pilot when you are applying for your PFCO they can provide a cover note to submit without having to upfront any payment. This is supplied on the pretence you will register your drone and use their insurance for the year. 


So far from what I can see and the few places I have been to test out the pricing it seems very reasonable. If I where to do on average 2 flights (jobs) a month and need 8 hour cover for each I would be looking at roughly £10.99 for each using a DJI Mavic pro. £263.76 a year a price i personally consider very reasonable.

Don’t forget you can use the FUTUREPHOTOL referral code.

Do not forget to continue reading how i got started with my own commercial drone business here.

Notes taken from: & Flock Media pack.

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Commercial Drone Training

Commercial Drone Training
Overall Ranking: 10 out of 10
Price: Various around £1250
Owners: Michael Green


The commercial drone training school is a registered NQE national qualification entity recognised by the CAA Civil aviation authority that regulates UK airspace. They provide various levels of training and help with the operations manual and submission to the CAA for your PFCO permission for commercial operations. The training school I visited was based in Newton abbot Devon.


The commercial drone training school provides excellent flexibility and options for your training requirements. They provide the opportunity to take part in various workshops that are very relevant to the different options a drone business could provide. The workshops are well taught and great for a drone operator looking to set up and operate a drone business in the UK.

The option to stay onsite and socialise with the instructors and fellow students while having your evening meal after your training for the day has ended is great, the possibility of a few beers or glass of wine at night works even better.

The food included is good and I very much doubt you will be left asking for more.


The training is targeted towards the beginner right through to the advanced pilot basically anyone who is looking to gain their PFCO. It doesn’t matter your background they will ensure you are happy before the flight test and certainly cover what is required for the ground school. This is a vital part of operating a commercial drone business so you want to make it count. Through my own personal experience I can highly recommend them. My class included a variety of different people from very different career paths personal security, video production, photographer, construction, fire services.  Some looking to add drone services to their already developed companies and people like my self who wanted to start out in the commercial drone business.  


Ground School, Flight assessment and Operations manual are the three factors a lot of drone training providers will offer. Commercial drone training go further and the training can be tailored to your every need but even better there are free workshops included in the 5 day training. The free workshops include: Drone Deploy, PIX4D, Aerial Survey, Litche, 360 Panoramas, Showreel production and real life roof survey scenario which is very beneficial especially if  you are unsure which direction to take your Drone business these free workshops certainly help to broaden your skill set.

The Training material provided is more than adequate to get you through your ground school assessment. Very easy to follow powerpoint presentation and PDF handouts. Safety is taken seriously, they will teach you the correct rules to follow which documents and records need to be kept as well as the do’s and dont’s.

Another benefit of CDT is they provide drones for you to use when you attend the training. I found this to be a great way to test a few drones I had never had the opportunity to fly before. The drones they had to offer where the DJI Phantom, Mavick and inspire. This would be great to assist anyone chooseing a drone as they may need or require a different one depending on the operation they choose.

You can of course take and use your own drone but please make sure you have the correct insurance in place. If you use one of the drones supplied they are covered under the training schools insurance.


The instructors are very well presented with a sound teaching ability. They spend the time required on each point and if your struggle they are more than happy to go that little bit extra until you understand. Mike is also very quick to answer e-mails from me with questions I had after the course was complete.


There are various pricing schedules and options available on their website. If you were like me and wanted to learn as much as you can I would recommend staying the 5 nights and doing the 5 day training. I stayed the night before as I drove about 600 miles from north of Scotland to get to the training facilities.

My Choice was:£1250 – Full Course, Flight Test, Workshops with 5 nights in single room with shared facilities and 3 meals per day (arrival day before the course).

Night flight assessment is available at an extra cost which I decided to take part in and was good fun. £150


Picture of me completing some practice flying time on the training ground.

After having a look at various drone training providers I found Commercial drones training pricing to be very competitive with the added benefit of 5 days training free workshops lots of help and I was more than able to walk away after the 5 days feeling very confident that I had the paperwork planning in hand as well as the skills required to fly the drone. I was very satisfied I had covered enough and had received very good value for money.

 The price for the 5 days (4Nights) depends on the room type you select. I choose the basic which had a bed a desk and shared toilet facilities with access to a shared kitchen. This is all I need as I did not spend too much time in my room as I liked to take advantage of the social aspect (beer). If you like the finer things in life and prefer your own space I would recommend upgrading. The meals provided where good portion size and more than an adequate selection was available to cater to my needs.

Teachers are very good class room a very good size and the flight training ground is ideal with cracking view over the countryside. DO take very war clothing and decent walking boots as with anywhere you can’t predict the weather.

Overall I would highly recommend the CDT through my own personal experience they provided what I expected and more.

If you would like to ask me any questions about this review please leave a comment below. If you would like to learn more about commercialdronetraining you can visit their website or email them directly